Jung’s personality theory- 4 functions and 8 types

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Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung’s work was influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies.

Jung also worked as a research scientist at the famous Burghölzli hospital, under Eugen Bleuler.

Carl jung was initially influenced by Freud, but later he choose a different route. It led to the development of the Myers-Briggs personality test.

Jung’s personality theory was actually invented to demonstrate the complexity personality of human and its consequences. It was actually developed to label people based on their personality types.

It was more focused on the complexity of human mind.

You will get:

Jung’s personality theory was built on the basis of two attitude of personality i.e. Introversion and Extroversion.



It refers to the personality theory of persons whose psyche energy only limits their own thoughts and feelings. They thinks always about themselves.

Introverts are considered a shy person. They always focus on their own thoughts. They do not want opinions from other persons in the world.

There are some traits which signify that you are a introvert person:

  1. You need quiet to concentrate.
  2. So, You are reflective
  3. You are self-aware.
  4. Also, You generally take time for decisions.
  5. You feel more comfortable being alone.
  6. So, You don’t like to work in a group or want to work alone.
  7. You prefer to write more than talk.
  8. You feel tired after being in a crowd.

If you have any of the above traits, then you can consider yourself as a introvert person.

Introverts know what they like and don’t like. They are deeply connected with their values and know what they want to get out of life. Such strong self confidence makes one more attractive, sophisticated, and desirable.

Facts about Introverts

Researchers have found that introverts have a higher blood flow to their frontal lobe. This part of the brain helps you remember things, solve problems, and plan ahead.



Extroverts is a personality theory type of people. It is the opposite of introversion. The psyche energy flows towards the outer world and other people. These types of persons are very social able and very open-minded.

Extroverts are often described as the life of the party. Their outgoing, vibrant nature draws people to them, and they have a hard time turning away the attention. They thrive off the interaction.

There are some traits which signify that you are a Extrovert person:

  • You enjoy social settings.
  • So, You don’t want to live alone for a long time.
  • You thrive around people.
  • Also, You are a friend of many people.
  • You prefer to talk out about problems and solutions.
  • For Instance, You are outgoing and optimistic.
  • You are not afraid of risk.
  • You are flexible.

Above symbols shows that a person have an extroverted personality.

A person who is an extrovert, take pleasure in activities that involve large social gatherings, such as parties, community activities, public demonstrations, and business or political groups.

They also tend to work well in groups.

An extrovert person is likely to enjoy time spent with people and find less reward in time spent alone. They tend to be energized when around other people, and they are more prone to boredom when they are by themselves.

Carl Jung also told that all people in this world consists both personality attitudes.

For example, if a person has more traits of extroversion than introversion, then he will be called an extroverted person.
The rest personality attitude is transferred to the unconscious mind.

Carl Jung also described the four function of human personality which are:

  1. Sensation
  2. Thinking
  3. Feeling
  4. Intuition 

Lets learn these functions briefly:

1. Sensation

A mental condition or physical feeling resulting from stimulation of a sense organ or from internal bodily change, as cold or pain.

A state of excited feeling or interest caused among a number of persons or throughout a community, as by some rumor or occurrence.

It is completely reverse of the function Intuition. It refers to the process of gathering the information directly from the sensory organs rather than from the unconscious.

2. Thinking

Thinking is a core function in human personality. This function mostly uses logic and reasons and focus n less emotions.

Thinking means that when a person observes anything around himself and around the environment and thinks about that thing and which he wants to explore more.

Also, a person thinks after any discussion or event.

3. Feelings

Jung defined feeling as “primarily a process that takes place between the ego and a given content.

It is like something you want to express. For example, Happiness, sadness, excitements, etc. are the feeling which a person can feel.

4. Intuition

This is the last function of human’s personality. It refers to the ability to understand something quickly without the conscious reasoning.

It is that psychological function which transmits perceptions in an unconscious way. For example, Love at first site.

Sometimes, person see somebody and falls in love immediately without any deep thinking. This is an intuition which plays important role in human’s life.

Now the two attitudes of human that we discussed already i.e. Introversion and Extroversion are combined with previously discussed four functions, which results in formation of 8 functional variations.

Functional Variations Are Also Known As Types of Personality Which Are Following:

A. Extroverted thinking

These are person who are generally very strict in their life. They follow all the rules and regulations very strictly. They are very punctual which means they are always on time.

Mainly, they work on every task for their own objective. They always think first for themselves and afterwards for others. At last, we can say that they are like foolish people.

B. Introverted thinking:

They are the people who are mostly interested in their own thoughts and feeling. They don’t like to work in groups.

Also, they feel tired after being in a crowd. They feels more comfortable by living alone most of the time.

They are very creative persons but only exert their creativity when they are alone.

C. Extroverted sensation:

These people are considering as the extremely happy people. They always finds happiness in society.

Extrverts do not think about any matter, but only lives for happiness. They also want to see other people and mostly attract positive energy. They always seeks for happiness and pleasure.

D. Introverted sensation:

These are people who do not expect anything from the other people. They want to create things by themselves as much as possible.

In other words, we can say that these folks do not depend on society. Also, they do not care about what is happening in the society.

E. Extroverted feeling:

These people are very emotional and sensitive. They judge and reacts every single moment happens in their life and takes seriously when something hearts them.

Extrovert’s are also very sociable which is completely reverse of introverted thinking. They likes group engagements, parties etc. And they show their creativity in public. They always prefer to work in a group rather than working alone.

They like exchanging thoughts with other people.

F. Introverted feeling:

These types of persons always doubt themselves. They always focus on finding reasons or backend history of anything they do. They are very deep thinkers.

Also, they do not share their feeling with someone. They resolve most of the issues of their life alone.

Introverted Feeling deals with morals and what the person truly believes. Introverted Feeling is more in depth and complex. It is also known as the ‘judging function’ because these type of people often judge other people very easily.

G. Extroverted intuition:

Extroverted intuition is perceiving (gathering information) function. Their minds are very creative. They always try finding new things for experiment. Also, they gather lots of information of anything they absorb in their life.

They are very motivated persons in nature. They stays always motivated in any situation and also motivate other persons.

Some people ask, how can they develop extroverted intuition? The answer is simple:

·   Learn more and question more.

·   Be persistent. Don’t give up to easily on the things you are learning.

·   Be quiet. You must give some time yourself to sit in silence.

·   Write or talk about your ideas.

H. Introverted intuition:

Introverted Intuition is focused inwards, on the internal world of thoughts, ideas, and concepts. These types of people are more focused in their unconscious mind rather than their daily life. They do not enjoy their routine.

Generally, they make a dream life in their mind and always think about that life and enjoys. They does not focus on the reality.  They focus on the internal world of the unconscious mind.


There are many personality types that a human adopts according to the Carl’s jung.


Can a person have both personality i.e. Introvert and Extrovert?

Yes, it depends on traits a person has. If a person has traits from both attitudes, then he can be both.

What is collective unconscious?

This term was introduced by Carl Jung to represent a form of unconscious common to humans originating in the inherited structure of the brain.

What is the best Carl Jung book to start with?

If you want to start with Jung himself, Collected Works Volume 7, two Essays on Analytical Psychology is the best place to start

Carl Jung Functions

Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung’s work was influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies.

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