Importance of Emotional Intelligence in the Leadership

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emotional intelligence

The concept of emotional intelligence is rooted in the work of Charles Darwin. Modern emotional intelligence was initially researched and explored by graduate student Wayne pains in 1985. Doctoral thesis is a study of emotion continuing this exploration and coining the phrase emotional intelligence or EI was salivating mayor in 1990.

 Since 1990 EI has been developed adapted and embraced by the business world and educational leaders. By the research of Daniel Goleman and others in its simplest form, emotional inteligence can be defined as being aware of and managing one’s own emotional reaction to situations.

It also means to purposely understanding those feeling and reactions in order to react more effectively in any given situation. Furthermore, EI includes recognizing different types of emotions and others distinguishing the difference between one’s emotions and those of others.

Using that information to guide one’s actions and thinking, understanding the emotional aspects of human interaction can help reduce misunderstanding in the workplace and help build more cohesive teams.


Why is emotional intelligence important

Although, Harvard Business Review, along with psychologist and Science journalist Daniel Goleman has discovered that the most influential leaders are alike. But, in one crucial way, they all have a high degree of EI Goleman asserts that there are four main dimensions of emotional intelligence-

  • Self-awareness
  • Self-management
  • Social awareness
  • Relationship management


It is the means of having a deep understanding of one’s emotions as well as one’s strength weakness needs and drives Goldman content that self-awareness is the basis of institution good decision making and one’s moral compass .

image of a mirror depicting self awareness


Although, It refers to effectively handling your distressing emotions. So, Leaders cannot effectively manage emotions in anyone else without handling their own emotions first.

So, EI leaders can use the knowledge they have obtained about themselves to increase their self-control, trustworthiness, conscientiousness, motivation, and adaptability.

Social awareness

It is also referred to as sympathy is knowing and understanding how others are feeling by reading verbal and nonverbal.

But being able to communicate with them effectively. So, According to Pino’s twig and Olson the Social awareness dimension of EI state that a heightened state of awareness.

And a leader’s communication ability is vital to understanding both the situation and the follower’s level of comprehension.

Relationship management

Although, Relationship management or the art of handling relationship centres around a leader being able to put that tired of self-awareness, self-management and empathy together in this final EI ability.

So, Goldman contends that managing relationships skillfully boils down to moving people in the right direction. Hence, Through handling other people’s emotions effectively the art of persuasion conflict management and collaboration.

What does the research say about emotional intelligence?

Although, According to Goleman poets’ research, a person’s emotional intelligence is twice as important as IQ. Hence, Goldman studies emotional intelligence in the workplace.

Although, Leaders in the top 10% of an organisation are extremely EI and show no discernible difference between them and their emotional intelligence skills and capabilities.

emotional intelligence

So, Goldman refers to this as being a complete person as people develop their skills and improve in their areas of need; they create a higher overall EI, which then, in turn, makes them a more effective leader. 

A place for EI in the workplace

Although, Emotional intelligence is an essential part of professional development. These skills have been strongly associated with both dynamic leadership and satisfying personal life experiences. In fact, many researchers have recognised EI as a significant predictor of success in the workplace.

So, understanding emotional intelligence concerning building the most successful partnership with co-workers and clients may take many forms.

Likewise, the benefits of actively engaging and a better understanding of it can lead to a more effective personal management system, more adaptable teams, better listening skills, development of leadership intellect and a decrease in interpersonal conflicts.

 Engaging emotional intelligence training and development can help individuals building solid professional relationships and leadership skills. This can help faster an individual’s leadership potential by understanding the complex relationship between emotions and action. Leaders can better understand their own emotional reactions as well as a better employee more successfully.

How I use emotional intelligence in the workplace

Although as an emotionally intelligent leader, I feel it is vital to understand and incorporate the four leading emotional intelligence competencies in the workplace to be an effective leader.

But, through strategically building and using emotional intelligence, a leader can enhance their sense of self and Oneness within the organization. As an emotionally intelligent leader, I will have the drive to achieve results, the ability to take the initiative, the skills to cooperatively collaborate.

The strength to lead teams through challenging times and the motivation to energised and inspire my peers consistently by successful utilising its competencies. So, I will be better prepared as a leader for handling the emotion values, and goals of the people I lead.

It will generate healthy and effective communication flow throughout the organisation; furthermore as an organisation’s climate is the result of attitude, decision-making abilities, communication efforts and emotions of the leader.

I will ensure that my leadership style, along with my strong sense of EI, will create a workplace the encourages and supports a happy and caring environment where people can thrive and develop both personally and professionally and more productive at generating a more significant positive impact on the organization’s vision and goals.


We should respect our intellectual as well as sentimental values. But, we can not merge those values with our work profile. A leader must be aware of his IQ and EQ. It is the duty of a leader to stay calm even in a panic situation and finally take unbiased decisions.

Hence, Emotional intelligence means a person who has a great sense of communication and management skills. They have the ability to make proper plans and also execute them.

Also, read our blog on Helping your people developing Emotional intelligence


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